Ruslan Umarov was born in Almaty, Kazakhstan, in 1961. He began to play the cello at the age of six at Republic Central Music School.
After having won several prizes, including the Competition of Young Soloists, he was the only cello candidate who was accepted in 1979 by the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he studied with Professors A. Lazko and E. Fishmann. From 1987 to 1989 he studied at the Moscow Conservatory as the Assistant of Professor M. Chomitzer. As student he performed in Hungary, the Czech Republic and Germany. He participated in several international competitions such as the Münich ARD Competition and Prague Spring.
From 1989 to 1991 Ruslan Umarov became co-principal of the Moscow Symphony Orchestra and made concert tours in Spain, Germany, Austria, Italy and Brasil. In 1992 he became the co-principal of the Hannover State Opera in Germany.
In 1997-2008 he was co-principal cello of the Bielefelder Philharmoniker in Germany. Since 2008 has has been a cellist in the Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra.